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Last modified: 10/13/08

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Alabama Vacation Basic Facts

Alabama Bureau of Tourism, 401 Adams Avenue #126, P O Box 4927, Montgomery AL 36103-4927; 334-242-4169; 800-252-2262; Fax: 334-242-4554. Email:

State Agricultural Museum: Dotham Landmarks Park

State American Folk Dance: square dance

State Amphibian: Red Hills salamander

State Barbecue Championship: Demopolis Christmas on the River Cook-Off

State Bird: yellowhammer woodpecker

State Coat of Arms:

State Creed: Alabama's Creed

State Dance: folk dance

State Flower: camelia

State Fossil: Basilosaurus cetoides (an extinct whale)

State Freshwater Fish: largemouth bass

State Fruit: blackberry

State Game Bird: wild turkey

State Gemstone: star blue quartz

State Historic Theatre: Alabama Theatre for the Performing Arts

State Horse: racking horse

State Horseshoe Tournament: Stockton Fall Horseshoe Tournament

State Insect: monarch butterfly

State Mascot and Butterfly: Eastern tiger swallowtail

State Mineral: hematite (red iron ore)

State Motto: We Dare Defend Our Rights

State Nicknames: Yellowhammer State, Heart of Dixie, Cotton State

State Nut: pecan

State Outdoor Drama: William Gibson's The Miracle Worker

State Quarter:

State Quilt: Pine Burr quilt

State Reptile: Alabama red-bellied turtle

State Rock: marble

State Saltwater Fish: fighting tarpon

State Seal:

State Shell: caphella junonia johnstoneae

State Soil: Bama soil series

State  Song: Alabama

State Spirit: Conecuh Ridge Alabama Fine Whiskey

State Tree: Southern longleaf pine

State Wildflower: oak-leaf hydrangea

State Capitals

Mobile, Alabama Until 1720, the capital of French Louisiana.

St. Stephens, Alabama St. Stephens Historical Park, Highway 34, P O Box 78, St. Stephens, Alabama 36569; 251-246-6790. Web: Alabama's territorial capital. Two sessions of the territorial legislature met at this site (1817 to 1819).

Huntsville, Alabama Alabama Constitution Village, 109 Gates Avenue, Huntsville, Alabama 35801; 256-564-8100. Web: The site where the state's first constitution was written in 1819. Also where the first session of the Alabama General Assembly met.

Cahawba, Alabama Old Cahawba Archaeological Park. Site of the first permanent capital from 1820 to 1826. Eventually replace because the site was unhealthy due to heavy flooding.

Tuscaloosa, Alabama Capital of Alabama from 1826 to 1846. Eventually the capital was moved to a more central location.

Montgomery, Alabama Selected as the state capital on January 28, 1946. It is the present state capital. Also the location of the first white house of the Confederacy.

Address: Alabama State Capital, 600 Dexter Avenue, Montgomery, Alabama 36104; 334-242-3935; Fax: 334-242-2788.

State Songs

Alabama; Sweet Home Alabama; Stars Fell on Alabama.

State Specials

The only state with the major natural resources to make iron and steel, Alabama is the largest supplier of cast-iron and steel pipe products.

Alabama introduced the Mardi Gras to the western world. The celebration is held on Shrove Tuesday, the day before Lent begins.

Alabama was the first state to recognize Christmas as an official holiday.

Famous Alabamans

Alabama Fun Facts

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