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Copyright 2008 by Open Horizons and John Kremer
Last modified: 11/01/07

Hot Times, Cool Places

Georgia Vacation Basic Facts

Georgia Tourist Division, Georgia Department
of Economic Development, 75 Fifth Street NW #1200, Atlanta GA 30308; 404-962-4000.

State Amphibian: green tree frog

State Art Museum: Georgia Museum of Art

State Atlas: Atlas of Georgia

State Ballet: Atlanta Ballet

State Beef Cook Off: Shoot the Bull Barbecue Championship

State Bird: brown thrasher

State Botanical Garden: The State Botanical Garden of Georgia

State Butterfly: tiger swallowtail

State Creed: Georgian's Creed

State Crop: peanut

State Fish: largemouth bass

State Flower: Cherokee rose

State Folk Dance: square dancing

State Folk Festival: The Georgia Folk Festival

State Folk Play: Swamp Gravy

State Fossil: shark's tooth

State Fruit: peach

State Game Bird: bobwhite quail

State Gem: quartz

State Historic Drama: The Reach of Song

State Insect: honeybee

State Marine Mammal: right whale

State Mineral: staurolite

State Motto: Wisdom, Justice, Moderation

State Musical Theatre: Jekyll Island Musical Theatre Festival

State Nickname: Peach State and Empire State of the South

State Peanut Monument: Turner County Peanut Monument

State Pork Cook Off: Slosheye Trail Big Pig Jig

State 'Possum: Pogo 'Possum

State Poultry: The Poultry Capital of the World

State Prepared Food: grits

State Quarter:

State Railroad Museum: Historic Railroad Shops

State Reptile: gopher tortoise

State Seal:

State School: Plains High School

State Seashell: knobbed whelk

State Soil: tifton

State Song: Georgia on My Mind

State Tartan: see above

State Theatre: The Springer Opera House

State Tree: live oak

State Transportation History Museum: Southeastern Railway Museum

State Vegetable: Vidalia sweet onion

State Waltz: Our Georgia

State Wildflower: azalea

State Capitals

Fort King George Fort King George State Historic Site, 1600 Wayne Street, P O Box 711, Darien, Georgia 31305; 912-437-4770. Web: From 1721 to 1736, the fort was the southern outpost of the British Empire in North America.

Savannah, Georgia Served as the colonial capital for many years (1777-1778, 1782, 1784, 1785).

Augusta, Georgia State capital (1779-1780, 1781-1784, 1786-1796).

Washington, Georgia Then known as Heard's Fort, Washington was the temporary state capital in 1780 to 1781. When Stephen Heard was governor and the security of Augusta was threatened, Fort Heard became the temporary capital of Georgia.

Ebenezer, Georgia Temporary state capital (1782).

Milledgeville, Georgia The Old Capital, 201 E Greene Street, Milledgeville, Georgia 31061. Served as the state capital from 1807 to 1868.

Macon, Georgia Temporary state capital during the Civil War (1864 to 1865).

Atlanta, Georgia Current state capital (1868-present).

Last Capital of the Confederacy Jefferson Davis Memorial State Historic Site, 338 Jeff Davis Park Road, Fitzgerald, Georgia 31750; 229-831-2335. Web: Confederate president Jefferson Davis and staff were captured here as they were trying to escape to continue the fighting. At the time, Davis and his staff were the last remnants of the Confederate government.

New Echota Cherokee Capital New Echota State Historic Site, 1211 Chatsworth Highway NE, Calhoun, Georgia 30701; 706-624-1321. Web: This site was established as the Cherokee capital by the Cherokee national legislature in 1825. The Cherokee were uprooted in 1838 and removed to the west.

Etowah Indian Mounds Etowah Indian Mounds State Historic Site, 813 Indian Mounds Road SW, Cartersville, Georgia 30120; 770-387-3747. Web: These mounds were the home to thousands of natives between 1000 and 1550 AD. This is the most intact Mississippian Culture site in the Southeastern United States.

Swift Creek Capital Kolomoki Mounds State Historic Park, 205 Indian Mounds Road, Blakely, Georgia 39823-4460; 229-724-2150. Web: Between the years of 250 and 950, the Swift Creek and Weeden Island natives built a series of mounds here. This might have been a center of their civilization during that time.

State Songs

Georgia on My Mind; Midnight Train to Georgia; The Devil Went Down to Georgia; The Night the Lights Went Out in Georgia; Our Georgia; Rainy Night in Georgia; Oh, Atlanta; A Sentimental Gentleman from Georgia.

Famous Georgians

Georgia Fun Facts

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