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New Mexico Vacation Basic Facts

New Mexico Tourism Division, Lamy Building, 491 Old Santa Fe Trail, P O Box 20002, Santa Fe NM 87501; 505-827-7400; 800-733-6396 or 800-545-2070. Email: Web:

State Aircraft: hot air balloon

State Amphibian: New Mexico spadefoot toad

State Animal: black bear

State Ballad: Land of Enchantment: New Mexico

State Bilingual Song: New Mexico - Mi Lindo Nuevo Mexico

State Bird: roadrunner or chaparral bird

State Butterfly: Sandia hairstreak

State Colors: red and yellow

State Cookie: bizcochito

State Fish: Rio Grande cutthroat trout

State Flower: yucca flower

State Fossil: Coelophysis (a Triassic dinosaur)

State Gem: turquoise

State Grass: blue grama

State Insect: tarantula hawk wasp

State Motto: It grows as it goes.

State Nickname: Land of Enchantment

State Poem: A Nuevo Mexico

State Question: Red or green? (refers to chiles)

State Seal:

State Reptile: New Mexico whiptail lizard

State Soil: Penistaja

State Slogan: Everybody is somebody in New Mexico.

State Song: O, Fair New Mexico

State Spanish Song: Asi Es Nuevo Mejico

State Symbol: zia (symbol on the flag above)

State Tie: bolo tie

State Tree: piñon pine or nut pine

State Vegetable: chile and frijoles (pinto beans)

State Capitals

Acoma Pueblo —  Sky City Cultural Center, P O Box 310, Pueblo of Acoma, NM 87034; 505-552-7860. Web: North America's oldest, continuously inhabited Indian Pueblo. Sky City hosts the World Posole Cooking and Eating Championships every November.

Mescalero, New Mexico — Mescalero Tribal Capital, P O Box 227, Mescalero NM 88340; 505-464-4494; Fax: 505-464-9191.

Dulce, New Mexico — Jicarilla Apache Tribal Capital, P O Box 507, Dulce NM 87528; 505-759-3242; Fax: 505-759-3005.

San Juan do los Caballeros — Don Juan de Oñata established the first Spanish capital of New Mexico in 1598 near Española, New Mexico. Española Valley Chamber of Commerce, 710 Paseo de Oρate, P O Box 190, Española, New Mexico 87532-0190; 505-753-2821; Fax: 505-753-1252. Email: Web:

Santa Fe, New Mexico — Palace of Governors, 105 E Palace Avenue, Santa Fe NM 87501. Web: Built in 1610, the Palace served as the seat of government for the Spanish. Santa Fe is the oldest capital city in the United States (since 1607). The current State Capital is on Old Santa Fe Trail between East De Vargas and Paseo de Peralta.

La Mesilla, New Mexico — During the Civil War, Confederate soldiers declared this small town their capital of both New Mexico and Arizona.

Las Vegas, New Mexico — Las Vegas and San Miguel County Chamber of Commerce, 701 Grand Avenue, P O Box 128, Las Vegas, NM 87701; 505-425-8631; Fax: 505-425-3057 Email: Web: Temporary capital of New Mexico when Santa Fe was abandoned for a time during the Civil War.

State Songs

O, Fair New Mexico; Land of Enchantment: New Mexico; South of Santa Fe; New Mexico - Mi Lindo Nuevo Mexico; Asi Es Nuevo Mejico.

State Specials

25% of New Mexico is forested. New Mexico contains seven national forests, including the nation's first and largest wilderness area, the 3.3 million acre Gila Wilderness.

Famous New Mexicans

New Mexico Fun Facts

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