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Last modified: 1/04/09

Hot Times, Cool Places

Texas Vacation Basic Facts

Texas Department of Economic & Development, Tourism Division, P O Box 12728, Austin, TX 78711; 512-462-0101; 800-888-8839; Fax: 512-320-9456.
Web: and

Texas Travel Industry Association, 812 San Antonio Street #401, Austin, TX 78701; 512-476-4472. Web:

State Air Force: Commemorative Air Force

State Bird: mockingbird

State Bread: pan de campo

State Cooking Implement: cast iron Dutch oven

State Dinosaur: Brachiosaur Sauropod, Pleuroceolus

State Dish: chili con carne

State Dog Breed: blue lacy

State Epic Poem: Legend of Old Stone Ranch

State Fabric: cotton

State Fiber: cotton

State Fish: Guadalupe bass

State Flower: bluebonnet

State Flower Song: Bluebonnets

State Folk Dance: square dance

State Fruit: Texas red grapefruit

State Gem: Texas blue topaz

State Gemstone Cut: Lone Star cut

State Grass: sideoats grama

State Health Nut: pecan

State Insect: monarch butterfly

State Light Bulb: compact florescent bulb

State Flying Mammal: Mexican free-tailed bat

State Large Mammal: Texas longhorn

State Small Mammal: armadillo

State Motto: Friendship

State Musical Instrument: guitar

State Nickname: Lone Star State

State Pastries: sopaipilla and strudel

State Native Pepper: chiltepin

State Pepper: jalapeρo

State Plant: prickly pear cactus

State Quarter:

State Reptile: horned lizard

State Seal:

State Shell: lightning whelk

State Tall Ship: Elissa

State Ship: U.S.S. Texas

State Native Shrub: Texas purple sage

State Shrub: crape myrtle

State Slogan: Texas: It's like a whole other country.

State Snack: tortilla chips and salsa

State Song: Texas, Our Texas

State Sport: rodeo

State Stone: petrified palmwood

State Tartan:

State Tree: pecan

State Vegetable: sweet onion

State Vehicle: chuck wagon

State Capitals

Los Adaes, Texas (now in Louisiana)— Colonial capital (1721-1772).

San Antonio de Bexar, Texas — Colonial capital (1772-1824).

Saltillo, Coahulia — First capital of Coahuila y Tejas (1824-1833).

Monclova, Coahulia — Capital of Coahuila y Tejas (1833-1836).

Nacogdoches, Texas — Nacogdoches Visitors Bureau, 200 E Main Street, Nacogdoches, Texas 75961; 888-oldest-town. Web: http://www. The oldest town in Texas. In 1812, Bernado Gutierrez and Augustus Magee proclaimed the first Republic of Texas (but were defeated in San Antonio). In 1819, Dr. James Long led another independence movement when he set up a provisional government in Nacogdoches (but was driven back to Louisiana). In 1826, Nacogdoches became the capital of the Fredonia Rebellion led by Haden Edwards (the rebellion failed).

Goliad, Texas — Goliad State Historic Site; 361-645-3405. On December 20, 1835, the occupiers of the Presidio La Bahia at Goliad, Texas declared their independence and flew the first Texas flag.

Washington-on-the-Brazos, Texas — Washington-on-the-Brazos State Historical Park, P O Box 305, Washington, Texas 77880-0305; 936-878-2214. Email: washington.brazos@tpwd. Web: http://www.birthplaceoftexas. com. The Texas declaration of independence was made here on March 2, 1836.

Laredo, Texas — Republic of the Rio Grande Museum, 1005 Zaragoza, Laredo, Texas 78040; 956-727-3480. In 1840, this building served as the headquarters of the short-lived Republic of the Rio Grande, which seceded from Mexico. The Republic lasted for 293 days, from January 17, 1840 to November 6, 1840.

Marshall, Texas — Confederate capital.

Galveston, Texas — Temporary capital of the Republic of Texas.

Harrisburg, Texas — Temporary capital of the Republic of Texas.

Velasco, Texas — Temporary capital of the Republic of Texas.

San Antonio, Texas — Home of the provincial governor.

West Columbia, Texas — City of West Columbia, City Hall, 512 East Brazos, West Columbia, Texas; 979-345-3123; Fax: 979-345-3178. Web: The first capital of the Republic of Texas, from September to December 1836. The first congress convened under a triple-trunk live oak known as Independence Tree. Sam Houston was inaugurated as president and Stephen Austin as secretary of state. A replica of the first capital is located at 14th and Hamilton.

Houston, Texas — Capital of the Republic of Texas (1837-1839).

Austin, Texas — Texas Capitol Visitors Center, 112 East 11th Street, P. O. Box 13286, Austin, Texas 78711; 512-305-8400; Fax: 512-305-8401. Email: Web: Capital of Texas since 1846.

State Songs

Texas, Our Texas; Yellow Rose of Texas; Deep in the Heart of Texas; Planet Texas; Waltz Across Texas; Luckenbach, Texas; All My Exes Live in Texas; Beautiful, Beautiful Texas; The Eyes of Texas; Texarkana Baby; El Paso; El Paso City; Town of El Paso; Houston; San Antonio Rose; Streets of Laredo; God Bless Texas; Stars Over Texas; That's Right (You're Not from Texas); Texas Tornado; Red River Valley.

State Specials

Texas leads all states in the production of oil and the raising of beef cattle.

San Antonio, Texas elected the first Hispanic mayor of a major U.S. city: Henry Cisneros (May 1, 1981).

In Texas, it's illegal to have sex with a fish.

Famous Texans

Texas Fun Facts

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